For millennia, people all across the world have enjoyed the strategic challenge that is chess. It doesn’t matter how expert you are in chess basics; you must know how the different pieces move to develop a winning strategy. So, how do chess pieces go? Let’s explore each one in detail.

There are special abilities associated with each chess piece. Mastering chess requires an appreciation of these abilities and a firm grasp of how to put them to use in battle. We’ll look at each chess piece’s range of motion and share some tips on how to learn it quickly.

How do chess pieces go? Guide for each piece

Pawn Movements

How do chess pieces go

First, we have the pawn. Pawns are the most minor and common chessboard pieces, but that doesn’t mean they aren’t necessary. Pawns move forward one square at a time, but on their first move, they can move two squares forward. Pawns may capture by moving one tile to the left or right diagonally. It can also be promoted to any other piece if they reach the opponent’s end of the board, making them a valuable asset.

Knight Movements

How do chess pieces go

Next, we have the knight. Knights can jump over other pieces on the board as his specialty. They move in an L-shape pattern, with two squares in the same direction and one square in a perpendicular direction. Knights are hard to use well, but they are helpful for sneak attacks and capturing your opponent’s pieces that would otherwise be safe. 

The knight is possible to cross into an adjacent square. On this measure, the knight has an advantage over the queen, despite having less overall influence over the board. The knight may also do material-over-material jumps, as we discussed before. In other words, the knight may still move the same number of squares regardless of location.

Bishop Movements

How do chess pieces go

The bishop is a piece that moves diagonally across the board. Each side of the chess board player starts with two bishops, one on a white square and another on a black square. Bishops can move any value of squares diagonally if they stay the same color. This move means that each bishop will stay on the same color for the rest of the game, which could be good or bad, depending on the situation.

Even though pawns make it hard for bishops to move initially, players usually start moving their pieces quickly. This movement allows the bishops to join in on the action. In the game’s early stages, bishops will be very important for attacking your opponent.

Rook Movements

How do chess pieces go

The rook is a powerful piece that moves horizontally or vertically across the board. Each player starts with two rooks, typically positioned on the corners of the board. Rooks can move any square in a straight line, making them valuable for controlling open files and attacking opponents’ pieces.

The rook may traverse an arbitrary number of squares in any direction. As it can’t traverse obstacles, it’s initially immobile. Inexperienced players often need help keeping their rook hidden. The rook is only often used later in the game, yet failing to do so means not using one of your most substantial pieces.

Queen’s Movements

how do chess pieces go

The queen is the most vital piece on the board, and it combines the movement patterns of both the bishop and the rook. The queen can move any value of squares in a diagonal, horizontal, or vertical direction. This move makes her a very versatile piece. The queen is often used to control the center of the board and launch attacks on the opponent’s pieces.

In chess, the queen fulfills the roles of the bishop and rook. Diagonally, it can move any number of squares and travel up to three squares, down to two squares, and side to side as many times as it likes without ever having to leap over another piece.

At the beginning of a chess game, limiting your queen’s moves is best. Your chess pieces, whether pawns, bishops, or knights, will be safe in their arms. After around 15 moves, the queen will become more active and aggressive in the game.

King Movements

how do chess pieces go

Finally, we have the king. The king is the most critical piece on the board but also the weakest. The game aims to trap the other player’s king so it can’t escape. You must protect your king and use it strategically in the endgame to win.

The king can shift his position by one square. It can’t jump over pieces, so when other pieces overtake the king at the beginning of a game, it can’t make any legal moves. The king can’t move to a square attacked by an opponent’s piece, which is its only restriction. So the king’s movements are challenging, restricted, and game-changing.

In chess, “check” is used when one player assaults the other’s king. Checkmate happens when the king is in danger, and there is no safe way to keep the king from being taken. All bets are off at this point since checkmate has been declared. 


In summary, each chess piece has a unique movement pattern you must master to become a skilled player. The pawn moves one square forward (or two on its first move) and captures diagonally. The knight moves in an L-shape pattern while the bishop moves diagonally. Then the rook moves horizontally or vertically, the queen combines the movement patterns of the bishop and the rook, and the king moves one square in any direction. Knowing how each piece moves, you can develop sound strategies and beat your opponent. So, get ready to move those pieces and experience the thrill of chess!

More historical data on chess game and their rules.


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